Joint Declaration on Airport (of 2 December 1987)
The Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of
Spain, His Excellency Sr Don Francisco Fernandez Ordonez, and
the Foreign and Commonwealth Secretary of the United Kingdom,
the Right Honourable Sir Geoffrey Howe, meeting in London on 2
December 1987, taking into account the joint communiqué
agreed at Brussels on 27 November 1984 which established a negotiating
process between both countries aimed at overcoming all the differences
between them over Gibraltar and at promoting cooperation on a
mutually beneficial basis on a number of matters including aviation;
taking into account also the discussions within the Council of
the European Community about the European Commission's proposals
for liberalising air transport; understanding, as a result of
the conversations which have taken place between the two Ministers,
that both Governments consider that greater cooperation over the
use of Gibraltar airport will be beneficial for both countries
and for the population of Gibraltar and the Campo de Gibraltar;
and in view of the fact that application of the European Community
air transport policy to Gibraltar airport will mean an increase
in its civil use, have agreed the following arrangements:
1. The aeronautical authorities of the two sides
will hold regular consultations about all questions relating to
the development of the civil use of the airport, including those
relating to the establishment of new services to third countries.
Permission for Spanish airlines to operate services
between airports of the Kingdom of Spain and Gibraltar, under
paragraph 1 of Article 6 of the draft EC Decision on capacity
and market access, will be given by the Spanish authorities.
2. The Spanish authorities will build a new terminal
at La Linea de la Concepcion adjacent to the northern side of
the existing frontierfence. Passengers using this terminal
will have direct access to the airport through a gate in the south
side of the terminal.
3. 1. The Spanish terminal will be used by the following
categories of passengers:
Passengers from any country, flying in aircraft of
any company and of any nationality, whose destination on disembarking
is any point on the territory situated to the north of the frontierfence;
Passengers proceeding from any point of the territory
situated to the north of the frontierfence who embark in
aircraft of any company and of any nationality, for any destination.
3.2. The British terminal will be used by all other
3.3. Where appropriate, passengers will be subject
to customs and immigration controls in the respective terminals.
4. 1. A committee will be established to coordinate
the civil air transport activities of the British and Spanish
terminals and their relation with the airport's other services.
The committee will consist of an equal number of members appointed
by each Government.
4.2. The arrangements in paragraph 4.1 will be kept
under review by the Working Group on Civil Aviation Questions
established in 1985 under the auspices of the Anglo/Spanish Coordinators.
This Working Group will report regularly to the Coordinators.
The reports will contain any recommendations for further cooperation
in the use of Gibraltar Airport.
5. The British and Spanish Governments will ensure
that effective measures are taken within the existing and new
terminals respectively to screen passengers and their carryon
items, and to carry out appropriate checks on crew, cargo and
aircraft stores prior to and during boarding. There will be close
cooperation between the authorities responsible for security within
the two terminals and between them and the existing authorities
responsible for security elsewhere at the airport, so as to ensure
that the highest standards of security are maintained.
6. There will be continued discussions between the
two sides about further strengthening of air safety and traffic
control arrangements in the area.
7. The present arrangements and any activity or measure
undertaken in applying them or as a consequence of them are understood
to be without prejudice to the respective legal positions of Spain
and the United Kingdom with regard to the dispute over sovereignty
over the territory in which the airport is situated.
8. The above arrangements will come into operation
when the British authorities have notified the Spanish authorities
that the legislation necessary to give effect to paragraph 3.3
above is in force, or on completion of the construction of the
Spanish terminal, whichever is the later, but in any event not
more than one year after the notification referred to above.